Stages of Educational Technology Implementation

The best work on Stages of Technology Implementation was the CEO Forumís School Technology and Readiness (STaR) Chart , which was developed circa 1997. This chart utilizes the STaR Chartís methodology for Early Tech, Developing Tech, and Advanced Tech stages, but expands the Target Tech indicator category into four sub-stages: Ubiquitous, Early Network Effects, Significant Network Effects, and Replication and Dissemination. The best example of a Target Tech 4 -- Replication and Dissemination school site is Napa New Technology High School*, with its online curriculum and assessment Learning System that supports 21st Century knowledge and skills.

[Note: See updated 2010 Stages of Educational Technology Implementation Chart (Word Doc)]

Stage

Students per Computer connected to Internet

% of Rooms & Offices connected to Internet

Stage Characteristic

Early Tech

More than 10

More than 25%; Dial-up on some

Beginnings. Little student or teacher use.

Developing Tech

10 or less

50% or more; Direct connectivity

Early implementation mainly by pioneer teachers. Some student use, 3-4 times weekly.

Advanced Tech

5 or less

75% or more; Direct connectivity and Adequate Bandwidth

Moderate to large numbers of computers for both teachers and students, daily use, isolated by class and grade. Some common uses and personal applications.

Target Tech 1 -- Ubiquitous

2 to 1 or less

100% or more; Direct connectivity and Adequate Bandwidth

Large numbers of Computers for both teachers and students. Use in most classes and subjects on a daily basis.

Target Tech 2 -- Early Network Effects

1 to 1

Widespread use of common platforms like student lessons and administrative applications. Common network folders.

Target Tech 3 -- Significant Network Effects

1 to 1

100% or more; Direct connectivity, Adequate Bandwidth, Home Access

Managed e-Learning Environment. Schoolwide Intranet for all programs and access from home for students and parents. Integration across courses and common development of studentís 21st century skills.

Target Tech 4 -- Replication and Dissemination

1 to 1

100% or more; Direct connectivity, Adequate Bandwidth, Home Access, Web Hosting

Mature managed e-Learning Environment. School instructional and communication resources available 24/7 to students, teachers, and parents. Ready for replication to and use by other schools.

© Bob Pearlman for Target Tech sub-stages 1-4. This chart utilizes the CEO Forumís School Technology and Readiness (STaR) Chart methodology for Early Tech, Developing Tech, and Advanced Tech stages.

* Full Disclosure: Bob Pearlman is the former Director of Strategic Planning for the New Technology Foundation(NTF). NTF is a school development organization that helps new schools replicate the New Technology High School Model.